MEMORIAL AND MUSEUM

AUSCHWITZ-BIRKENAU

FORMER GERMAN NAZI
CONCENTRATION AND EXTERMINATION CAMP

First kitchen and bath house

Conservation and protection of the remains of the first kitchen and bath house (inventory no. A-30) on the premises of the former KL Auschwitz I

The subject of the project was the preservation of the relics of the building located between Blocks 1 and 2 on the premises of the former Nazi German concentration and extermination camp Auschwitz I. This building served various functions during the functioning of the camp. Initially, it served as the camp kitchen, then as a workplace for the working groups - cooks, locksmith, bricklayers, and finally as a bathhouse. It is here that the SS men conducted the selection of prisoners unfit to work, and then sent them to die in gas chambers.

The decision to undertake preservation works was due to the very bad state of the relics. The building originally occupied the space between Blocks 1 and 2, while the relics, which are the subject of the conservation works, adjoined the elevation of Block 2. The conservation works covered the foundation walls, which is an element of the ruined building and the remnants of its construction visible on the elevation of Block 2.

The project implementation began at the end of 2012. Firstly, a program of the preservation works and design documentation was drawn up, administrative decisions were obtained, and then the work commenced. In 2013, most of the works were completed. The precise inventory and photographic documentation of all elements played a crucial role in the preservation process. This is because these elements were first all subjected to disassembly and after purification, blending and strengthening treatments, re-assembled, each in its original place. The works were accompanied by specialized tests to determine the degree of salinity of the walls, the composition and properties of the mortar and the identification of pigments. Parallel to the conservation works, enforcement actions were performed on the foundation walls.

The task was completed in October 2013, along with the transfer of the as-built documentation of conducted works. In the course of the project, regular conservation, archaeological and investment supervision was carried out in the scope construction and civil engineering.

Start date: 2012
Completion date: 2013
Project Manager: Zofia Drabczyk