“Light of Remembrance”
The Light of Remembrance is a new award established and awarded by the director of the Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum for outstanding contribution to the education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust. It is a tribute to those involved in maintaining and transferring the memory of the former German Nazi concentration and extermination camp Auschwitz.
The first laureate of the award was Professor Bartoszewski, who was honoured during a jubilee celebration of his 90th birthday. The ceremony, which took place in the halls of the Royal Castle in Warsaw, was attended by the Polish President Bronisław Komorowski, Prime Minister Donald Tusk, speakers of the Sejm and the Senate as well as many personalities from the world of culture and science.
Krystyna Oleksy was the next laureate to receive the “Light of Remembrance” award, the now retired outgoing deputy director of the Auschwitz-Birkenau Museum Department of Education and head of the International Centre for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust. The statuette was presented during a farewell ceremony crowning her 37 years of work at the Memorial Site.
On 13 June 2013 in block 27 of the Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum, a new national exhibition entitled “Shoah” was opened. The ceremony was attended by, among others, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Polish Minister of Culture and National Heritage Bogdan Zdrojewski. The exhibition was prepared by the Yad Vashem Institute in Jerusalem. During the solemn inauguration of the exhibition, the director of the Institute, Avner Shalev, was honoured with the “Light of Remembrance” award.
On 14 May 2017, during the conference in Izieu dedicated to the 30th anniversary of the trial of the Lyon Gestapo Chief, Klaus Barbie, “Light of Remembrance” was awarded to Serge Klarsfeld, a historian and lawyer, one of the major pillars of memory of the Jewish victims from France. As an astute researcher, he created and published a monumental list of about eleven thousand Jewish children who were deported to German Nazi death camps. For several years, he has hunted the murderers who went into hidding in Europe, Africa and South America. The author or co-author of several books, exibitions and educational events.
In March 2019 Sara J. Bloomfield, the director of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, has been awarded the Light of Remembrance. The award was presented to her in Washington D.C. by the Director of the Auschwitz Museum, Dr. Piotr M. A. Cywiński. Polish Ambassador to the United States Piotr Wilczek attended the ceremony.
Light of Remembrance at the 90th birthday of Professor Bartoszewski
Light of Remembrance for Avner Shalev
Light of Remembrance for Serge Klarsfeld
Light of Remembrance" for Sara J. Bloomfield, director of United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
Władysław Bartoszewski was born on February 19, 1922 in Warsaw. He is an unwavering advocate of Polish-German and Polish-Jewish dialogue. He holds the function of the chairman of the International Auschwitz Council by the Prime Minister of the Republic of Poland and the Protection of Memory of Combat and Martyrdom (ROPWiM). He is the founder of the Auschwitz-Birkenau Foundation, which was established in 2009.
Between September 1940 and April 1941, he was a prisoner in KL Auschwitz (prison number 4427). In 1942, he co-founded the “Żegota” Polish Council to Aid Jews. Between 1942 and 1944, he participated in the underground Catholic organisation, Front Odrodzenia Polski (FOP – Poland’s Revival Front). Between 1942 and 1945, he worked for the Department of Information, Office of Information and Propaganda of the Home Army Headquarters, and between 1943 and 1944, he was also employed in the Department of Foreign Affairs of the Delegation of the Government of the Republic of Poland in the Country (Prison Cell and Jewish Division). He participated in the Warsaw Uprising as a Home Army soldier. After the war, he belonged to the Polish People’s Party and was a co-editor of Gazeta Ludowa. He was held in communist prisons twice (between 1946 and 1948 and between 1949 and 1954), and in 1955, he was deemed unjustly persecuted.
Between 1972 and 1983, he held the function of secretary general of the Polish PEN Club. Between 1978 and 1981, he was a member of the underground Polish League for Independence. In 1980, he co-funded the Committee for the Defence of People Imprisoned for Their Beliefs, which was operated by the National Committee of the Independent and Self-Governing Trade Union “Solidarity”. Between December 13, 1981 and April 28, 1982, he was held in the intern centre in Jaworze.
Between 1973 and 1985, he taught history at the Catholic University of Lublin. He also lectured at the university in Munich, where, between 1983 and 1984 and 1986 to 1988, he was a visiting professor at the Institute of Political Sciences of the Faculty of Social Sciences at the Ludwig Maximilian University. He also lectured at universities in Eichstaett and in Augsburg. He wrote over 40 books; he is the author of over 1,500 studies and scientific papers, mainly devoted to the Nazi occupation, extermination of Jews, Polish and German and Polish and Jewish relations and the role of intellectuals in politics.
Between September 1990 and February 1995, he held the function of the ambassador of the Republic of Poland in Austria; between March 6 and December 22, 1955, he was the minister of foreign affairs. From 1997 until the end of term in 2002, he was a senator of the Republic of Poland. On July 1, 2000, he was appointed, once again, minister of foreign affairs; he held this function until the end of term of Jerzy Buzek’s government. Currently, he is the Secretary of State in the Chancellery of the President of the Council of Ministers, plenipotentiary for International Dialogue.
He has received numerous prestigious prizes and awards, including the highest distinction in Poland, i.e. the Medal of the White Eagle. In 2011, he was appointed by the President of the Republic of Poland, Bronisław Komorowski, a member of the Chapter of the Order of the White Eagle. He holds the function of the chancellor of the Medal. He was also distinguished by the Commander Cross of the League of Honour, the Vatican Medal of Saint Gregory the Great, the Order Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany and the Austrian Cross of Honour in Science and Art (First Class).
He holds the title of doctor honoris causa in philosophy and humanities at four universities: in Warsaw, Wrocław, Marburg and the Jewish University in Baltimore. He is an honorary citizen of several Polish cities, as well as an honorary citizen of Israel. He was one of the first Poles to receive the title of “Just Among the Nations of the World”.
Graduate of Polish philology at the Jagiellonian University in Kraków and post-graduate of Museology Studies. Professionally associated with the Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum for 37 years. Initially she worked in the scientific-educational department and later in the publication department. From 1990, deputy director of the Museum. She initiated the creation of the International Centre for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust (ICEAH) at the Museum, which she has led since its inception in 2005. Deputy director of the Museum in charge of education.
Initiator of the establishment of permanent cooperation with the Yad Vashem Institute in Jerusalem for the training of Polish teachers and educators in Israel and Israelis in Poland. So far, these exchanges have been attended by over one thousand teachers and guides.
Co-author of the scenario of the permanent exhibition in the building of the so-called central sauna in Birkenau, presenting the world of European Jews before the Holocaust, and co-author of the album Before They Left... Photographs discovered in Auschwitz, which is a catalogue of the exhibition.
Member of the International Scientific Council of the Fritz Bauer Institute in Frankfurt am Main, International Advisory Board of Memorial Sites within the Topography of Terror in Berlin, International Commission of Experts of the Bergen-Belsen Memorial Site and the Museum in Żabikowo.
The Chairman of the Yad Vashem Directorate since 1993. Upon becoming Chairman, Shalev initiated a multi-year development plan aimed at equipping Yad Vashem with the necessary tools to address the challenges of Holocaust remembrance in the 21st century. As part of this plan Shalev placed education as a high priority at Yad Vashem, spearheading the establishment of the International School for Holocaust Studies, and created a new Museum Complex. Shalev serves as the chief curator of the new Yad Vashem Holocaust History Museum, which opened in March 2005. During his tenure he also brought about the uploading of Yad Vashem’s Central Database of Shoah Victims’ Names onto the Internet, harnessing modern technology in the service of Holocaust remembrance and education. In 2003, Shalev accepted the Israel Prize on behalf of Yad Vashem, for recognition of Yad Vashem’s special contribution to the society and State of Israel. In 2007, Shalev was awarded the Legion of Honor by French President Nicolas Sarkozy for his efforts on behalf of Holocaust awareness world-wide, and also accepted the Spanish Prince of Asturias Award for Concord on behalf of Yad Vashem.
Born in 1939 in Jerusalem, Shalev served in the Israel Defense Forces between 1956 and 1980, reaching the rank of brigadier general. Shalev was wounded in action on the Egyptian front during the Six-Day War. Between
1972 and 1974 he served as bureau chief for IDF Chief of Staff David Elazar. Other army positions held by Shalev included: head of the Information and Instruction Division of the General Staff; education officer at the IDF Officers School; chief education officer and head of the Education Corps, where he was editor-in-chief of the IDF Radio Station and the IDF weekly magazine; and senior lecturer at the IDF National Security College.
After retiring from military service, Shalev served as director general of the Culture Authority in the Ministry of Education and Culture, and chairman of the National Culture and Art Council. He was also a member of the directorate of various national museums and cultural institutions in Israel. In these positions he was responsible for formulating and directing national culture policy, and encouraging, supporting and overseeing the funding of all types of cultural and artistic activity in Israel. Shalev also introduced policies to raise the standards of Israel’s leading cultural institutions, and advanced and promoted new cultural programs-such as art and culture festivals throughout the country-in order to increase national cultural awareness and involvement. Another achievement in this period was to transform the Antiquities Division of the Ministry of Education into a national authority. Shalev was also instrumental in enhancing educational opportunities in regional areas by promoting the accreditation of local educational institutions and enabling their students to obtain recognized degrees.
Shalev studied modern history of the Middle East and geography and graduated from the IDF Command and Staff College and National Security College. Among his publications is To Bear Witness - Holocaust Remembrance at Yad Vashem (2005).
Serge Klarsfeld, a historian and lawyer born in 1935 in Bucharest, survived the Holocaust as a child in France whereas his father was murdered in Auschwitz. After the war, he became one of the major pillars of memory of the Jewish victims from France. As an astute researcher, he created and published a monumental list of about eleven thousand Jewish children who were deported to German Nazi death camps. For several years, he has hunted the murderers who went into hidding in Europe, Africa and South America. Among others, he found the Gestapo Officer, Klaus Barbie, saw to his extradiction from Bolivia and trial in France. Serge Klarsfeld is also the author or co-author of several books, exibitions and educational events. Today, he is the president of the Association of Sons and Daughters of Jews Deported from France, vice-president Fondation pour la Mémoire de la Shoah (Foundation for the Memory of the Shoah), as well as a member of the International Auschwitz Council and the Auschwitz-Birkenau Foundation Council.
Sara J. Bloomfield
Sara Bloomfield has been the director of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum since 1999. As part of her vision to build a global institution, she established the Museum’s Institute for Holocaust Documentation; the Levine Institute for Holocaust Education; the Jack, Joseph, and Morton Mandel Center for Advanced Holocaust Studies; and the Simon-Skjodt Center for the Prevention of Genocide.
Ms. Bloomfield has played a role in several international negotiations. In 2007, the Museum’s diplomatic efforts led to the opening of the largest closed Holocaust archive in the world, the International Tracing Service Archive in Bad Arolsen, Germany, which holds over 30 million pages of records on 17 million victims of Nazism. For the Museum’s 10th Anniversary, she obtained the first-ever loan of Anne Frank’s original writings, including parts of her diary. During the Balkan wars of the 1990s, working with U.S. diplomats, Croatian and Serbian officials, and representatives of the Serbian Orthodox Church in America, she negotiated an understanding to rescue endangered artifacts and archives that document the Holocaust in Croatia.
Ms. Bloomfield is a member of the International Auschwitz Council and has been a member of the board of the International Council of Museums/USA (ICOM/USA). She has been an advisor to museums around the world that address difficult history. In 2010, she received the Officers Cross of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Poland from the President of Poland, Lech Kaczynski.
Luis Ferreiro Aguirre was born in San Sebastián, Spain in 1982. He is the director of Musealia, which creates and manages traveling exhibitions that educate, raise awareness, and inspire visitors.
In 2009, he initiated a project to create an exhibition about the German Nazi concentration and extermination camp of Auschwitz, its history, and contemporary significance. The exhibition "Auschwitz. Not long ago. Not far away ”- the largest traveling exhibition on this subject in history - was created together with the Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum. This great exhibition project is also one of the largest educational programs devoted to the history of Auschwitz in recent decades.
The exhibition presents the next stages of the development of Nazi ideology and describes the transformation of Oświęcim, an ordinary Polish city, in which Nazi Germany during the occupation created the largest concentration camp and extermination center. The exhibition features several hundred items from the Collections of the Auschwitz Memorial.
Romani Rose was born in Heidelberg in 1946. He is the leading figure in the movement for Sinti and Roma civil rights.
As a member of a German Sinti family that lost 13 members in concentration camps and the Holocaust during the Nazi era (his grandfather was murdered in Auschwitz), Romani Rose has been politically active since the 1970s in the struggles of the minority for acknowledgement and material compensation for the wrongs they have suffered.
His significant successes include the acknowledgement of the German Sinti and Roma as a national minority under the terms of the Framework Agreement on the Protection of national Minorities (Rahmenuebereinkommen zum Schutz nationaler Minderheiten) of the Council of Europe.
Since 1982, Romani Rose has held the post of Chairman of the Central Council of German Sinti and Roma, and since 1991 he has directed the Documentation-Cultural Center of the German Sinti and Roma, an institution known across Europe for presenting the first permanent exhibition on the destruction of the Sinti and Roma. Together with other representatives of minorities from the USA, Mexico, Argentina, Japan, India, Sri Lanka, France, and The Netherlands, Romani Rose is a member of the executive committee of the International Movement against Discrimination and Racism (Internationale Bewegung gegen Diskriminierung und Rassismus – IMAR), founded in Tokyo in 1988. In March 2006, the Polish government named Romani Rose to a seat on the International Auschwitz Council.
Romani Rose is an author and the publisher of numerous books, including Buergerrechte fuer Sinti und Roma. Das Buch zum Rassismus in Deutschland (1987), Den Rauch hatten wir taeglich vor Augen. Der nationalsozialistische Voelkermord an den Sinti und Roma (1999), and the catalogue, published in three languages, of the permanent exhibition at the Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum about the Nazi genocide committed against the Sinti and Roma (2003). In addition, Romani Rose has written numerous reports and articles for publication by the OSCE and the UN committee against racism. He is also co-director of the documentary film Auf Wiedersehen im Himmel, which had its premiere on ARD television in 1994.